Tomatoes are classified as vegetables, although having the structure fruit. This plant can grow well in lowland and high ranging from 0-1500 meters above sea level, depending on the variety. Tomato plants require soil that is fertile and loose, with a pH of about 5.5 to 7.
In the wild tomato shaped like a clump of trees, their height can reach a height of 3 meters. But after a cultivated plant height is not more than 2 meters and are usually supported by stakes or rope to hold against buckling.
Tomato plants can grow well in a variety of media such as open land, hydroponics, and media vertikultur garden pots or polybags. On this occasion we will elaborate on how to grow tomatoes in a polybag. If you want to know the large-scale cultivation of tomatoes in open field tomato cultivation read a general guide.
The selection of plants
In general, people distinguish tomatoes of fruit shape. There are four classes of tomatoes that many in the market namely, (1) Tomato fruit or granola tomatoes, rounded shape with a flat base (2) Tomato gondol, oval shape is used as a raw material sauce, (3) Tomato vegetable, it feels a little hard teskturnya wry, (4) cherry tomatoes, a small sweet sour.
How to grow tomatoes in a polybag not difficult. The first step select the type of tomato and varieties will be planted. Adjust the location where the cultivation of tomato varieties will be selected, especially for climatic conditions and altitude.
For maximum results, use improved seed from a trusted source. Tomato seeds of various varieties can be found in farm shops. Information about the properties of plants can be found on a label on the seed package.
How to grow tomatoes in a polybag nursery should go through the stage first. Seed must be sown in seed into plant seeds. This step is necessary because the seed which grows require different treatments with plants that have grown large.
Prepare a seedbed and the media in advance. Select a seedbed that is protected from rain and direct sunlight. Media seedbed can vary, please read how to make media for horticultural nursery.
The shape can be a seedbed nursery, nursery shelves, or polybag seedlings.
For the nursery beds, create an array above the beds to a depth of 1 cm and 5 cm spacing between lines. Then planting tomato seeds in each array with a distance of 3 cm, closed surface and flush taste.
For nursery use ploybag, polybag with media contents nursery. If no one can use the polybag nursery bags of leaves (bekong). Then immerse tomato seeds 1 cm deep into the medium. Then cover the surface and flush taste. Each polybag quite filled one seed.
Once the seeds are planted, do the watering every 2 times a day with a soft hype. Be careful when watering, not to damage the surface of the nursery.
Additional fertilization can be given after two weeks with an organic liquid fertilizer, compost or NPK. Another treatment that should be done is weeding. Do not let weeds grow in the nursery area. Seedlings of tomato plants ready to be moved from a nursery into a polybag after 30 days or already have at least 5 leaves.
Before the seedlings are transferred, prepare the planting medium and polybag. Fill in the poly bag with soil, rice husk, and compost in the ratio 2: 1: 1. For more details see how to create a planting medium for a polybag.
There are two ways to grow tomatoes from a nursery into a polybag. First, remove the seeds with revoked. The trick, flush with water so that seedbed planting media become soft. Then remove the plants with care not to drop out or damaged plant roots. Then enter the plant is perpendicular to the planting hole is in the polybag. Roots should be upright position not to bent or folded. Adjust the depth of the planting hole according to the length of the roots.
Second, move the seedlings to be played. The trick tomato plants raised by the media that is around. For seeds of beds, pry plant 10 cm deep with a shovel or hand. Then lift and move along with the soil.
For seedlings in polybag nursery, tear or pull the plastic polybag nursery then moved along the ground into a bigger polybag. Polybag seedlings of plastic can be used repeatedly.
Maintenance and Care
Maintenance of tomato plants in a poly bag or pot is relatively easy. Plant health is more controlled as to avoid the spread of disease through the roots. Keep the planting medium is not too dry. Flush at least 2 times a day, but do not be too wet to avoid root rot.
Unplug weeds contained in polybags regularly. If there are plants that wilt or die, unplug immediately and dispose of media cropping so as not to infect other plants. Another treatment that is required is pruning shoots and giving a stake as the support of the plant.
Fertilizer plant after one week with compost as a handheld for each polybag. Perform the addition of compost every month, or if the plant looks less fertile. When the plants will bear fruit or fruit can be added fertilizer liquid organic fertilizer.
Pests and tomato plants peyakit quite a lot. When seen no pests, pest take manually. Discard damaged leaves or stems are exposed to pests. Spraying should be done when absolutely necessary. To be safe for health and the environment using a more natural organic pesticide. Please read how to make organic pesticides.
Tomato plants can be harvested in a poly bag after 3 months, depending on the variety. Criteria tomatoes ready for harvest is that changes color from green to yellow-brass or leaf edges look dry and yellow stem. Picking is done on mature fruit alone.
Tomato fruit is not ripe simultaneously. Do plucking every 2-3 days, do not be too tight to avoid crop damage. Picking the best time in the morning and afternoon, when the sun is not too hot. Similarly, a brief description of the quiet way to grow tomatoes in a polybag.